Gardening in Southend
Each one of these pictures represents one million children who will not go to school today
771 million adults worldwide are illiterate. 64% of which are female.
Youth literacy rate (under 16s)
Kazakhstan - 99.9%, Peru - 97.8%, Nepal - 78%, Niger - 38.1%
15 million new teachers are needed to achieve basic primary education for all by 2015.
$12.1 billion, 14% of total aid, was committed to education in 2007 (less than 2006). Of which $4.3 billion was for basic primary education.
Of all the children who attended primary school in mali in 2006 67% were male and 33% female.
Percentage of total government expenditure devoted to investment in education
USA - 13.7, Peru - 15.4%, Bangladesh - 14.2%, Niger - 17.6%
Percentage of GDP devoted to investment in education
USA - 5.3%, Peru - 2.5%, Bangladesh - 2.7%, Niger - 3.4%
In groups we looked at some cases studies. Ours was of Raheem in India who left school at 6 years old to so to work. he is noe part of a local project that allows children to work in the mornings and attend school in the afternoon. We talked about why Raheem didn't go to school. Because he had to work to support his family, and was proud of the money that he could bring home, legislation or lack of enforcement allows children to work, lack of welfare for poor families, inflexible education system that does not accommodate working children. The consequences of which were that Raheem missed out on education, friends, social contact with peers, playing sports and childhood. Lack of education also harms a childs future job prospects leading to a vicious circle in ehich they must in the future send their children work to work to boost their low wage. Globally nearly 250 million children have to work to help their families. Another of the case studies was of a child fleeing a conflict zone and therfore unable to attend school. The study ended with the quote that 'education breeds a more prosperous and peaceful society' which we debated. I argued that education breeding peace depends on its content again citing the example of Nazi Germany, in which the education system was exploited to spread Fascist values. In the same way that out educational system promotes democracy. Rory argued that with widepread education there can be no monopoly on enlightment or knowledge, reducing the control educated groups previously exercised along side discrimination and power imbalance. Though this assumes that the education delievered allows independent thought and dicussion. As said before education can be used as another system of control.
A right to education is Article 26 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Stating that education should be free and compulsory in elementary and fundamental stages.
The United Nations Millennium Development Goal 2 is that all children should receive a primary education by 2015.
Saturday 23rd May
Got up very early to go and get my hair cut. I had forgotten that people in my home town aren't used to people dressing remotely differently and wore the multi-coloured polka dot 1950s dress I made (see it here) with the result that on the way to the hairdressers a group of guys around my age asked 'are you going to a party?' which I ignored but later wished I had pointed out to them that at 8:15 in the morning I was far more likely to be coming back from a party. On the way out a young guy pushing a pram leered at me 'you alright love?' to which I smiled politely. Back at home I had to knock on the bedroom window to get mum to let me in having left without my keys and then waited around while mum and Gulnara got ready for the seaside. We took Gulnara to Holme to see the sea. Taking the scenic route as mum was convinced that she saw a queue to Hunstanton from Kings Lynn. At Holme we walked what seemed to be miles to the sea, which was at low tide, so we could paddle for about 5 minutes and take some pictures. Gulnara went off the idea of swimming when she realised how cold it was. Then picked our way barefooted back up the stone riddled beach. After losing our barings in the sand dunes and interupting a group of happy campers we made it back to the car park and had a bite to eat from the kiosk. We then drove over to Hunstanton to show Gulnara the cliffs and have an ice cream. Back at home I feel asleep for 3 hours until our BBQ dinner was ready. Gulnara and I spent what was left of the evening at a computer each guled to the internet. I was updating my blog!
Sunday 24th May
After a late start we went to the field so Gulnara could ride Tikit, my mums horse. Unfortunately she couldn't stay on for long as Tikit got restless. This may have been my fault as I was cantering her around before Gulnara got on. After Gulnara dismounted I had another go. Cantering around and dashing over a few jumps. Which I throughly enjoyed. Back at home Gulnara and I again retreated to the computers then I searched through my wardrobe for clothes and shoes suitable for the Kazakh summer. I left the majority of the winter clothes I brought to Harlow at home. Hoping England won't be too cold for the next 2 weeks and a bit!